Ivana Andjelic, Snezana Matijevic, Jasminka Andjelic


Introduction. Caries or tooth decay regardless of the good knowledge of the nature of the disease and the possibility of its effective prevention is still the most widespread disease in our population. It also very often threatens the functions of organs and even the entire organism. Health culture is an integral part of general culture and health education plays an important role in maintaining health of individuals.

Aim. The main objective of this study is to determine the influence of oral health behaviour of schoolchildren aged 12 to 14 on their oral health. The schoolchildren attended the seventh and eight grade at Drago Milovic Elementary School in Tivat.

Method. The survey was conducted during the period from the end of January to April 2015 at Drago Milovic Elementary School in Tivat. It comprised all seventh and eight-graders that were at school those days. The survey instrument was a questionnaire specially designed for this study and it consisted of 36 closed-ended questions. Clinical examination of oral health in children was used as an additional research instrument. Assessment of oral health was carried out under natural light with dental mirror and probe according to WHO recommendations. The parameter used to assess the state of oral health was DMFT index the number of carious, extracted and filled teeth. In addition, the assessment of oral hygiene was conducted using soft debris index according to Green-Vermillion which determines absence or presence, quantity and distribution of dental plaque and other soft deposits.

Results. The majority of students stated that they lack knowledge regarding the effectiveness of fluoride toothpaste (69.4%). It was found that the lowest incidence of caries occurred among those students who think that teeth should be brushed after every meal, and the highest incidence of this diagnosis occurred in respondents who think that teeth should be brushed once a day. Half of the surveyed students believe that teeth should be brushed most often after every meal and more than half of excellent students (55.6%) believe so. DMFT index for study population was 1.87 while Green-Vermillion soft debris score of oral hygiene was 2 in largest number of students (49.5%).
Conclusion. Looking at the results it can be concluded that dental care in this area does not significantly affect the improvement of oral health in children. Therefore a greater attention should be paid to continuous education programmes and gaining knowledge about oral health and hygiene of the mouth and teeth.

Key words: students, oral health, health education, DMFT index, Green-Vermillion index.


students, oral health, health education, DMFT index, Green-Vermillion index

Full Text:



Pezelj-Ribari? S, Antoni? R, Brekalo-Pršo I, et al. Oralno zdravlje — uvjet za op?e zdravlje. Medicinski fakultet Sveu?ilišta u Rijeci, Rijeka; 2013.

Pej?i? A, Peševska S, Grigorov I, Bojovi? M. Periodontitis as a risk factor for general disorders. Acta Facult Med Naiss. 2006; 23(2): 59–65.

Castilho ARF, Mialhe FL, Barbosa TS, Puppin-Rontani RM. Influence of family environment on children’s oral health: a systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013; 89(2): 116–23.

Lali? M, Aleksi? E, Gaji? M, Maleševi? ?. Znanje o oralnom zdravlju i zdravstveno ponašanje roditelja i djece školskog uzrasta. Med Pregl. 2013; LXVI (1–2): 70–80.

Beloica D, Vulovi? M, Carevi? M, et al. De?ja stomatologija. Stomatološki fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, Beograd; 2010.

Špalj S, Tudor-Špalj V, Ivankovi? L, Plan?ak D. Oral health-related risk behaviours and attitudes among Croatian adolescents multiple logistic regression analysis. Coll Antropol. 2014; 38(1): 261–7.

Ljaljevi? A, Matijevi? S, Terzi? N, An?eli? J, Mugoša B. Zna?aj održavanja oralne higijene za zdravlje usta i zuba. Vojnosanit pregl. 2012; 69(1): 16–22.

Twetman S, Ekstrand K, Qvist V. Dental caries in an ecological perspective. Ugeskr Laeg. 2010; 172(44): 3026–9.

Wigen TI, Wang Nj. Parental influences on dental caries development in preschool children. Norsk Epidemiologi. 2012; 22(1): 13–9.

Christensen LB, Twetman S, Sundby A. Oral health in children and adolescents with different socio-cultural and socio-economic backgrounds. Acta Odontol Scand. 2010; 68(1): 34–42.

Vanagas G, Milašauskiene Ž, Grabauskas V, Mickevi?iene A. Associations between parental skills and their attitudes toward importance to develop good oral hygiene skills in their children. Medicina (Kaunas). 2009; 45(9): 718–23.

Bozorgmehr E, Hajizamani A, Malek MT. Oral health behavior of parents as a predictor of oral health status of their children. ISRN Dent. 2013; 2013: 741783. DOI:10.1155/2013/741783.

Hysi D, Droboniku E, Toti C, Xhemnica L, Petrela E. Dental caries experience and oral health behavior among 12-year-olds in the city of Tirana, Albania. Journal of Oral Health and Dental Management. 2010; 9: 229–34.

Obradovi? M, Doli? O. Caries prevalence and risk factors for its development in urban and rural regions. Stomatološki glasnik Srbije. 2008; 55(1): 34–42.

Igi? M, Apostolovi? M, Kostadinovi? Lj, Šurdilovi? D, Tri?kovi?-Janji? O. The application of fluoride in prevention of caries. Acta Stom Naissi. 2008; 24(57): 783–7.

Jensen O, Gabre P, Skold UM, Birkhed D. Is the use of fluoride toothpaste optimal? Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour concerning fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing in different age groups in Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012; 40(2): 175–84.

Davidovi? B, Ivanovi? M, Jankovi? S, Le?i? J. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children in relation to oral health. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2014; 71(10): 949–56.

Igi? M, Apostolovi? M, Kostadinovi? Lj, Tri?kovi?-Janji? O, Šurdilovi? D. Stepen informisanosti sedmogodišnjaka i roditelja o uticaju ishrane, oralne higijene i profilakse fluorom na zdravlje zuba. Med Pregl. 2009; 62(9–10): 421–6.

Matijevi? S. Povezanost navika u zdravlju i prisustvo oralne patologije kod djece u Crnoj Gori. Acta Stomatologica Naissi. 2009; 25(59): 869–82.

?uri?kovi? M, Ivanovi? M. Stanje oralnog zdravlja kod djece uzrasta od 12 godina u Crnoj Gori. Vojnosanit Pregl 2011; 68 (7): 550–5.

Davidovi? B, Jankovi? S, Ivanovi? D, et al. Procjena uticaja promocije oralnog zdravlja u djece isto?nog dijela Republike Srpske. Biomedicinska istra`ivanja. 2011; 2(1): 11–19.

Zmarandache DDD, Luca R, Chis AC, Farcasiu C. Carious activity in 12 year-old children from Slatina, Romania. International Journal of Medical Dentistry. 2012; 2 (1): 27–32.

Ambrakova V, Ivanova V. Dental caries experience among primary school children in eastern region of the Republic of Macedonia. Oral Health & Dental Management. OHDM 2014; 13(1): 514–20.

Markovi? N, Arslanagi? Muratbegovi? A, Kobaslija S, Bajri? E, Selimovi?-Dragas M, Huseinbegovi? A. Caries prevalence of children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Acta Med Acad. 2013; 42(2): 108–16.

Duki? W, Delija B, Luli? Duki? O. Caries prevalence among schoolchildren in Zagreb, Croatia. Croat Med J. 2011; 52(6): 665–71.

Napoli C, Trerotoli P, Solinas G, et al. Caries experience among adolescents in southeast Italy. J Dent Sci. 2012; 7(2): 89–93.

Cvikl B, Haubenberger-Pralml G, Drabo P, et al. Migration background is associated with caries in Viennese school children, even if parents have recived a higher education. BMC Oral Health. 2014; 14: 51.

Pieper K, Lange J, Jablonski-Momeni A, Schulte AG. Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children from Germany: results of the 2009 national survey. Community Dental Health. 2013; 30(3): 138–42.

Koposova N, Eriksen HM, Widstrom E, Handegard BH, Pastbin M, Koposov R. Caries prevalence and determinants among 12-year-olds in North-West Russia and Northen Norway. Stomatol. 2013; 15(1): 3–11.

Gathecha G, Makokha A, Wanzala P, Omolo J, Smith P. Dental caries and oral health practices among 12 year old children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts, Kenya. Pan Afr Med J. 2012; 12: 42–9.

Piovesan C, Mendes FM, Antunes JL, Ardenghi TM. Inequalities in the distribution of dental caries among 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren. Braz Oral Res. 2011; 25(1): 69–75.

Mafuvadze BT, Mahachi L, Mafuvadze B. Dental caries and oral health practice among 12 year old school children from low socio-economic status background in Zimbabwe. Pan Afr Med J. 2013; 14:164–70.

Gorbatova MA, Grjibovski AM, Gorbatova LN, Honkala E. Dental caries experience among 12-year-old children in Northwest Russia. Community Dent Health. 2012; 29(1): 20-4.

Milciuviene S, Bendoraitiene E, Andruskeviciene V, et al. Dental caries prevalence among 12–15-year-olds in Lithuania between 1983–2005. Medicina (Kaunas). 2009; 45: 68–76.

Al-Darwish M, El Ansari W, Bener A. Prevalence of dental caries among 12–14 year old children in Qatar. Saudi Dent J. 2014; 26(3): 115–25.

Al-Sadhan S. Dental caries prevalence among 12–14 year-old schoolchildren in Riyadh: a 14 year follow-up study of the oral health survey of Saudi Arabia phase I. Saudi Dent J. 2006;18: 2–7.

Wigen TI, Wang Nj. Parental influences on dental caries development in preschool children. An overview with emphasis on recent Norwegian research. Norsk Empidemiologi. 2012; 22(1): 13–9.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 SANAMED

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.